In preparing a framework for a 7th grade Geography curriculum in a STEM Academy, I’ve found bits and pieces from different districts that touch on key concepts and content. Out goal is to combine physical geography with human geography in an inquiry based, problem solving model. There’s a lot of work to be done, but much has been laid out for us by other outstanding educators and institutions. First, I found some great essential questions in an outstanding curriculum from Neshaminy School District in Langhorne, Pennsylvania:
- Is ethnocentrism and patriotism the same thing?
- Does every culture think in terms of national “winners” and “losers” and do all cultures define them in the same way?
- Why do geographic commonalities of a region create a unique world-view?
- What is it that unites a group of people?
- How do human actions modify the physical environment and what impact does that change have on human culture?
- How does cooperation and conflict among people affect the earth’s surface?
I also liked these enduring understandings:
- As the land shapes the people, the people shape the land.
- Different is just different not necessarily wrong.
- The people in each region develop a world view based on sets of common characteristics.
- Ethnocentrism appears in all cultures.
- The Interaction between people and nations creates “winners” and “losers” measured in the comparative levels of change and progress experienced by those societies.
For critical thinking and problem solving, I like this teacher’s approach: http://www.aaps.k12.
mi.us/tappan.rothl/geography_ curriculum. These essential questions are also good prompts to shape discussion (from Shelby County School District, in Tennessee):
- How does culture affect a person’s view of themselves, others, and the world?
- What impact does economics have on people, governments, and global relations?
- How do the physical systems of the world affect the human systems?
- How does government affect people, economics, and global issues?
- What can history teach people about themselves, their country, and the global community?
- What is my role as a member of the global world? (This question I think is vital.)
Finally, the AP Human Geography course has outstanding guidelines: http://apstudent.
collegeboard.org/apcourse/ap- human-geography/course-details as well as the National Geographic Standards Index: http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/standards/national-geography-standards/?ar_a=1.